Transport Infrastructure

St. Petersburg public passenger transport network

  • 5 subway lines: (length of operational way - 113.6 km, 67 stations, 71 entrances and 7 transfer hubs);
  • 5  “night bus” lines (duplicate subway lines);
  •  42 tram routes;
  • 44 trolleybus routes;
  • 380 bus routes that pick up and drop off passengers only at designated stopping points;
  • 311 bus routes that pick up and drop off anywhere at non-prohibited by road rules place;
  • railway network: (100 stations and stops within St. Petersburg administrative boundaries)
  • 4 lines of public water transport route "Aquabus".

Annual traffic of St. Petersburg public passenger transport is about 2 billion trips (at average 5,5 million trips per day):

  • metro - 41%;
  • buses - 30%;
  • ground electric transport - 23%;
  • suburban railway transport - 6%.

The volume of transport activity for 2013 was as follows:

  • surface public transport (routes by the regulated tariff) - 209.3 million kilometers;
  • metro subway – 212,6 million car-kilometers.

St. Petersburg transport infrastructure uses advanced automated fare collection control system and urban passenger transport management system.


Traffic management

During 2013 have been undertaken a number of measures for the development traffic management hardware:

  • installed 65 traffic lights;
  • applied 714, 981 sq. m of road markings;
  • performed works involving the application of noise bands at 125 locations.

There was performed construction of Automated Traffic Management System (ATMS) with a full renovation and installation of video cameras on 27 intersections along three main routes. There have been reconstructed 35 traffic lights.

In addition, within the framework of the planned funds were performed works on improvement of new and improvement of existing terrestrial unregulated pedestrian crossings, replaced old traffic signs to fluorescent (reflective) edging, replaced regular lamps to LED traffic lights, installed sound and voice alarm systems at unregulated pedestrian transitions, as well as countdown panel boards.

There has been conducted experimental implementation of LED signs, as well as the pilot project for implementation of autonomous impulse indicators. There has been applied road markings in form of sign "Caution Children" at the children's educational institutions.

In 2013, the Traffic Management Centre (TMC) has been connected additional 132 traffic lights. In addition, TMC installed a video surveillance system enabling non-stop visual monitoring of road conditions and technical condition of the ATMS peripheral equipment at traffic lights - 25 cameras.


Big Port of St. Petersburg

"Big Port of St. Petersburg" (hereinafter referred to as Port) is located on the Neva River delta islands, at the Neva Bay, at the eastern tip of the Gulf of Finland. Port boundaries include the Neva River delta and the Neva Bay, Kronshtadt and St. Petersburg Flood Prevention Facility Complex. During winter navigation Port gives assistance to Icebreakers in piloting. Around 30 stevedoring companies do cargo transshipment within the Port area.

Port cargo turnover for 2013 amounted to 57.81 million tons, which is 96.0% as compared to 2012. Container throughput amounted to 2.30 million TEUs, which is 5% more than the previous year. Port cargo turnover structure consists of containerized cargo (37%), liquid cargo (26%), general cargo (25%), bulked cargo (11%) and ferry and dry bulk cargoes (1% each).


Marine passenger terminal

In 2013, there was  commissioned and handed over the ownership of the St. Petersburg seaport infrastructure "Passenger Port of St. Petersburg" (Port). The port is designed to accommodate modern sea liners. Its facilities include 7 berths and 4 stations. In 2013, the port received 318 cruisers and ferries, the total number of passengers amounted to 650 thousand persons, of which 411 thousand persons from cruisers. It is planned to increase annual passenger traffic at average for 6%.

Since April 2010, there has been organized the regular ferry line St. Petersburg - Helsinki (operator St.Peter Line, ship Princess Anastasia). In April 2011 was launched a new ferry line St. Petersburg - Stockholm and St. Petersburg - Tallinn (operator St.Peter Line, ship Princess Maria). The first ferry trip took place on 31 March 2011.


Rail transport

The volume of rail freight in St. Petersburg takes up the second place in the Russian Federation after Moscow railway junction. St. Petersburg railway junction connects Russia with Finland and Estonia. It converges 10 railway lines. The railway junction structure consists of 5 railway stations. Railway system has a developed storage and supply facilities that ensure the full cycle of primary and support activities.

Railroad transport is mainly represented by monopolist in this area - Oktyabrskaya Railway (Russian Railways OJSC branch).

In 2013, at a meeting of the Russian Federation Government Commission on High Technology and Innovation was adopted technology platform "High-speed Railway Intelligent Transportation".

Technology platform is a communication tool, aimed at strengthening efforts to create advanced commercial technologies, new products (services) that secure funding for research and development through the participation of all stakeholders (business, science, government, civil society).


Air transport

Pulkovo Airport is one of the largest airports in the country and takes up to third place in 2013 in the Russian Federation after the Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo.

On December 4, 2013 the new Terminal 1 at Pulkovo Airport began operations. The first flight was carried to Dusseldorf by Rossiya Airlines at 10:30 am. The total area of the terminal exceeds 110,000 sq. m and it has a maximum capacity of 17 million passengers per year.

Pulkovo Airport passenger traffic during 2013 amounted to 12,8 million persons, which is about 17.1% more than for the same period in 2012.

In 2013, were commissioned two facilities of air transport infrastructure, located adjacent to the St. Petersburg SFHI "I.I. Dzhanelidze St. Petersburg Institute of Special Studies" and St. Petersburg SFHI "Children's City Hospital # 1". These helicopter landing sites are equipped with fire extinguishing system and lighting system enabling to land/launch aircraft during all day and night, as well as under adverse weather conditions.

Currently, the Transport Committee ordered the development of design estimate documents for construction of helicopter landing sites adjacent to St. Petersburg SFHI "City Hospital of the Holy Martyr Elizabeth" and adjacent to St. Petersburg SFHI "Alexandrovskaya City Hospital". Construction of these helicopter landing sites is planned for 2014.

Health Care Committee agreed allocations of helicopter landing sites for St. Petersburg SFHI Hospital #36 (St. Petersburg, Kronstadt, bld. 3. Gasworks), St. Petersburg SFHI Hospital #38 named after N.A. Semashko (St. Petersburg, Pushkin, bld. 5/7 Hospitalnaya Street), St. Petersburg SFHI Hospital #40 (St. Petersburg, Sestroreck, bld. 9, Borisova Street). After selecting of land plots around these health institutions, as well as titling St. Petersburg SPI External Transport Agency on these land plots, it is planned until the end of 2014 to complete design and survey works for construction of helicopter landing sites within the territories of these hospitals after the State Examination Approval. Construction of these helicopter landing sites is planned for 2015.


Public water passenger transportation

The development of public water transport, namely the project of a new mode of transport "Aquabus", is one of the priority areas for creating a modern and efficient infrastructure of St. Petersburg, and helps to improve the inter-district transport accessibility and reduce travel time.

In 2013 during navigation season "Aqubus" passenger traffic amounted to 47,6 thousand people.